To learn more about the threat and impact of plastic pollution and to get tips to reduce your plastic consumption, download our plastic pollution primer and toolkit today fact #1 about 8 million metric tons of plastic are thrown into the ocean annually . And apparently, the ocean isn't large enough to avoid marine life encounters with debris plastic's devastating effect on marine mammals was first observed in the late 1970s, when scientists from the national marine mammal laboratory concluded that plastic entanglement was killing up to 40,000 seals a year. Plastic oceans foundation is a global non-profit organization that addresses the issue plastic pollution and how it impacts our waters, sea life and humans. In the ocean, plastic debris injures and kills fish, seabirds and marine mammals marine plastic pollution has impacted at least 267 species worldwide, including 86% of all sea turtle species, 44% of all seabird species and 43% of all marine mammal species.
We estimate we're going to have millions of tons of plastic going into the ocean with, so far, unknown consequences, says jenna jambeck, an environmental engineer at the university, who is among. So much of this plastic is ending up in the ocean that in just a few years, we might end up with a pound of plastic for every three pounds of fish in the sea but the future of plastics in our ocean will be determined by the way we handle plastics on land. Plastic accumulating in our oceans and on our beaches has become a global crisis billions of pounds of plastic can be found in swirling convergences that make up about 40 percent of the world's ocean surfaces at current rates plastic is expected to outweigh all the fish in the sea by 2050. Plastic is widespread in the open ocean, but is particularly concentrated in the five major ocean gyres — rotating currents of water — in the pacific, atlantic and indian oceans the largest and best known of these is the great garbage patch in the north pacific — a concentrated soup of microplastics, or tiny fragments less than 5 millimetres across.
Large plastic detritus such as bottles and packaging has well-known effects on sea life, strangling birds and fish and transporting alien species to new waters millimeter-sized plastic pellets-the building blocks of larger products-clog us harbors and soak up toxic chemicals from seawater, poisoning the creatures that swallow them. Students learn about a great patch of garbage, mostly plastic and twice as big as texas, in the middle of the pacific ocean they learn the effects of plastic garbage on the environment, including the lives of animals.
While plastic thrown into landfills contaminates the soil and groundwater with harmful chemicals and microorganisms, the effects of marine pollution caused by plastic are immeasurable just like on land, even in the oceanic areas, the effect of plastic on marine life has started to be felt. The three plastic islands the great pacific garbage patch, also know as the pacific trash vortex or gyre, is located in the central north pacific ocean and is larger than the state of texas. While soaking up the relaxing cadence of crashing waves on the beach, no one wants to think about how the ocean has basically become garbage soup.
The plastics at sea: north pacific expedition 2012 is a scientific research expedition conducted by sea education association (sea) dedicated to the study of the effects of plastic marine debris in the ocean ecosystem. What is plastic pollution as the world's population continues to grow, so does the amount of garbage that people produce on-the-go lifestyles require easily disposable products, such as soda cans or bottles of water, but the accumulation of these products has led to increasing amounts of plastic pollution around the world. Water pollution has had devastating effects on the environment, which include irreversible effects to the oceans ecosystem people often underestimate the importance of the ocean they don't realize how much damage pollution has caused to the ocean and the thousand of creatures that inhabit it.
In the week leading up to world oceans day 2016, national geographic took to the national mall in washington, dc, with a plastic bag large enough to bring this issue to life at a human scale. Effects of ocean pollution 1 effect of toxic wastes on marine animals oil spill is dangerous to marine life in several ways the oil spilled in the ocean could get on to the gills and feathers of marine animals, which makes it difficult for them to move or fly properly or feed their children. The ocean is becoming a plastic soup due to the astonishing level of plastic debris and toxicity it causes the chemicals in plastic plastic, by chemical composition, contains bisphenol a and styrene trimer.